If you plant at a spacing of 3mx3m within rows, you can have 450 plants on an acre of land. Standard holes should be 60cm deep and wide. Bananas take nine to12 months to start fruiting. However, by this time, there should be at least two new stems on the first plants.
It is important that you do not allow each plant to have more than three stems to avoid congestion.
Congested plants produce small bunches because they are fighting for resources. In the first year, you will harvest at least 450 bunches, however, harvests will go up as new stems yield. Expenses include weeding, mulching once a year and using organic fertilisers.